New Research from VMLY&R’s Muslim Intel Lab, in Collaboration with Wunderman Thompson Intelligence Shows How Rising Observance is Reshaping the Consumer Landscape in Southeast Asia and Beyond
Across Southeast Asia today, generations of Muslims are living vastly different lives than their parents did, shaped by two potent forces: a resurgence of faith and the spread of Western-style consumerism.
Today VMLY&R Malaysia’s Muslim Intel Lab, in collaboration with Wunderman Thompson Intelligence, launched an in-depth research report into the identity and lives of the 250 million Muslims who live in Southeast Asia, as well as an exploration of the consumer change in a single generation. It highlights a change where Muslim-influenced consumerism has gone from being mostly about food—primarily avoiding pork and alcohol—to include fashion, banks, travel, and education, as well as personal spending, investment, or donations.
The report explores the traits of the next wave of Muslim consumerism, why they’re important for brands to consider, and also pitfalls to avoid. This includes case studies across modest fashion, Sharia fintech, Muslim dating apps, Halal travel and women’s rights, as well as findings from a survey of 1,000 consumers in Indonesia and Malaysia, conducted in May 2022 by SONAR™.
“The impact of living in a global pandemic has resulted in major shopping behaviour shifts in the Muslim consumers, resulting in a higher digital adoption and at the same time, an increased need to have a better virtual cultural representation, which we are happy to share in this report ," said Kenni Loh, CEO of VMLY&R Malaysia.
“Understanding cultural trends are fundamental for brands to connect, engage and lead the interaction with the audiences. The dynamics that permeate beliefs and behaviours of Muslims are essential to offer efficient solutions for connected brands. That is cultural commerce,” said Filipe Lampreia, Chief Strategy Office, VMLY&R Malaysia.
“Muslim consumers are increasingly overlaying their religious beliefs on purchase decisions, and how they do so is constantly evolving. New technologies bring new questions – for example, is the metaverse halal?” said Chen May Yee, APAC Director for Wunderman Thompson Intelligence. “Our report explores all this and also notes that not everything needs a halal stamp. In fact, consumers recognize tokenism when they see it.”
KEY REPORT TAKOUTS
Identity and religious observance: Islam is a significant part of daily life and becoming more so.
- Spirituality is most important in life with 91% say having a strong relationship with Allah is very important, on par with health (91%) and followed closely by family (89%). Only 34% say wealth is very important, 28% rate following their passions as very important, and 12% cite fame
- 33% say they are more observant than their parents were at their age, 45% say they are just as observant, and just 21% say they are less observant
Gender roles and responsibilities: While most households continue to be male-led, Muslim women are continuing to advocate for more equality inside and outside the home.
- Females are breadwinners in a significant minority of households with 42% saying they provide the most financial support in their household
- 71% of men say they decide on large purchases while women have more sway over daily purchases and holiday destinations
Halal consumer: Muslim consumers will increasingly look for a halal lifestyle.
- Halal is the most important factor when buying any product. 91% of respondents say halal is very important, ahead of good value for money (68%), being high quality (61%), and being good for the planet (48%)
- When buying food, halal is more important (91% say very important) than cost (51%), and even taste (67%)
Banking: For more abstract services like banking, halal or sharia-compliant is also important but it’s not the most important thing.
- 61% of respondents say whether it’s an Islamic banking or investment product is very important
- 68% say responsiveness and reputation of the financial institution is very important, 65% say ease of use for app or mobile website, and 57% say a good interest rate or return on investment
Travel: Muslim travelers want to expand their perspectives by visiting places outside of the regular religious and heritage spots; at the same time, they want easy access to halal food and to be reassured they won’t experience discrimination.
- 77% of respondents say it factors a lot whether they can eat halal food, ahead even of cost (73%)
- 63% say a major factor is how friendly the government and locals are towards Muslims
- 66% travel for faith reasons such as to perform the haj and the umrah (mini haj); 63% to spend time with family
Technology: Muslims are adopting technology to further their halal lifestyle, including using mobile apps.
- 42% of women and 39% of men shop online at least once a week
- Payment apps are popular. GoPay, Ovo and ShopeePay are the most popular in Indonesia while ShopeePay, Touch ‘n Go and MAE (Maybank) are top in Malaysia
- Less so dating and health-tracking apps - only 6% use dating apps and 19% use health-tracking apps
Metaverse: The majority of Muslims are interested in the idea of Muslim spaces in the metaverse, but many also worry that the metaverse may be incompatible with Islamic lifestyle and teaching.
- 85% say they would like metaverse spaces made for Muslims
- 49% would like an opportunity to attend prayer in the metaverse
- 78% would like virtual religious accessories (hijabs, abayas) for their avatar
- At the same time, 59% don’t think the metaverse is compatible with Islamic lifestyle/teaching.
Representation: Muslims give advertisers a middling grade on inclusion. Most think that advertising does an okay job depicting Muslims, but there is room for more varied and nuanced depictions of the community. And a significant minority would like to see more LGBTQ+ representation.
- 36% think advertising reflects Muslims very well; 51% think it does so somewhat well. 14% don’t think it reflects Muslims very well or at all well
- 87% would like to see brands feature more people from ethnic minorities and people with disabilities; with a significant minority urging for more visibility for the LGBTQ+ community